Mount Agung is the highest and holiest mountain in this island.
It is believe as a place of gods. It stands 3,142 meters from sea level. This occasionally active volcano (the last major eruption occurred in 1963 with devastating results) stands at 3,014 meters. Bali's most sacred temple, Besakih actually sits on its slope. It dominates the surrounding area influencing the climate.
The clouds come from the west and Agung takes their water so that the west is lush and green and the east dry and barren.Gunung Agung last erupted in 1963-64 and is still active, with a large and very deep crater which occasionally belches smoke and ash. From a distance, the mountain appears to be perfectly conical, despite the existence of the large crater.From the peak of the mountain, it is possible to see the peak of Gunung Rinjani on the island of Lombok, although both mountains are frequently covered in cloud.
The 1963-64 Eruption
The lava flows missed, sometimes by mere yards, the Mother Temple of Besakih. The saving of the temple is regarded by the Balinese people as miraculous and a signal from the gods that they wished to demonstrate their power but not destroy the monument the Balinese faithful had erected. However, over 1,000 people were killed and a number of villages were destroyed in this eruption.
The adventurous traveler can attempt to climb the volcano between July and October. Be sure to hire a guide, as the route is long, difficult and dangerous.